The United States imports more than 60 percent of its petroleum, two-thirds of which is used in the transportation sector. Passenger vehicles currently account for 76 percent of the energy used by the on-road transportation sector. However, it is possible to see these percentages significantly decline through the incorporation of PHEVs and EVs.

PHEVs, such as the Chevy Volt, use electricity produced from coal, nuclear, natural gas, and renewable sources, in addition to gasoline for longer distances. EVs, like the Mitsubishi "i" and the Nissan LEAF, only use electricity produced domestically. Therefore, no petroleum imports are needed to fuel these vehicles and the nation becomes more energy secure.

Source: U.S. Department of Energy

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