All-electric vehicles (EVs) use a battery to store the electrical energy that powers the motor. EVs are sometimes referred to as battery electric vehicles (BEVs). EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. Although electricity production might contribute to air pollution, all-electric vehicles are considered zero-emission vehicles because their motors produce no exhaust or emissions. EV batteries may also be charged with electricity generated by renewable energy sources such as solar or wind. Because EVs use no other fuel, they help reduce petroleum consumption.

Driving Range
All-electric vehicles will have a shorter range per charge than conventional vehicles have when they fill up with gas. The custom-order, all-electric Tesla Roadster has a 220-mile range while more mainstream vehicles such as the Mitsubishi "i" have a 62-mile range. According to the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, 100 miles is sufficient for over 90% of all household vehicle trips in the United States.

Source: US Department of Energy Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center
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