How Electric Vehicles and Plug-in Hybrids Work
Generally speaking, EVs refer to any vehicle that utilizes an electric motor for propulsion. These vehicles use electricity either as their primary fuel or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicle designs. Most electric vehicles fall in to one of two categories detailed below:


how-ev-work2All-Electric Vehicles (EVs)

EVs use batteries to store the electric energy that powers the motor. EV batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. EVs are sometimes referred to as battery electric vehicles (BEVs). Examples of highway-rated EVs include the Mitsubishi "i" and the Nissan Leaf.
Learn more about EVs.



how-ev-work1Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
PHEVs are powered by conventional or alternative fuels as well as electric power stored in a battery. The vehicle can be plugged into an electric power source to charge the battery. PHEVs are sometimes called extended range electric vehicles (EREVs). Examples of a PHEV include the Chevy Volt and the Ford Escape Plug-In Hybrid. Learn more about PHEVs.

Source: US Department of Energy Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center


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